By Steven Wiley | July 09, 2013 at 05:23 PM EDT | No Comments
"Voir Dire" is descended from an old French term meaning "to speak the truth." See Black's Law Dictionary, 1605 (8th Ed. 2004). Today, it most commonly refers to the process of selecting jurors in civil or criminal trials through questioning by the judge and/or counsel with the purpose of determining whether potential jurors have any biases, beliefs or conflicts of interest that may prevent them from fairly hearing the evidence and making a decision. It can also refer to the preliminary questioning of witnesses in some circumstances. The voir dire process is a very important part of the process of a jury trial.